The other non-operating and non-cash items for 2018 (€ (12) million) mainly include the results related to the disposal of the phosphorus-derivatives business (€ (22) million) and of the Soda Ash business in Egypt (€ 7 million).

The other main non-operating and non-cash items for 2017 (€ (179) million) include the result relating to the disposal of Acetow (€ (180) million), Cross-Linkable Compound (€ (43) million), and Emerging Biochemicals (€ (23) million), and the loss relating to the deconsolidation of the Venezuelan subsidiary (€ 72 million).